Personal tools

Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

You are here: Home / Data / Glossary



Access includes the issues surrounding providing information to users about the data holdings of Science, how they are maintained and providing access to the data packages.

Arising Intellectual Property means, individually and collectively, all Intellectual Property arising from Network Research.


Board (i.e. Board of Directors) means the board of directors for the Canadian Healthy Oceans Network, as set out in section 5.2 of the Research Agreement.


Collection Code is a unique code for each subproject (or project if no subproject exists). The code is a compilation of the network, project and subproject code and in some cases includes a subproject identifier (e.g. CHONe_PC-06_LLOYDM or CHONe_PC-06_DAIGLER_a).

CHONe (or Network) is the network abbreviation for the Canadian Healthy Oceans Network), a university-government partnership dedicated to biodiversity science for the sustainability of Canada’s three oceans.


Data are any or all values of qualitative or quantitative variables (i.e. attributes), belonging to a set of items,  collected in the performance of Canadian Healthy Oceans Network Research (Research Agreement, Section 2).

Also see raw data (primary data), processed data (secondary data), and network research data

Data Authorship is generally considered to be an individual who has made substantial contribution to the collection of research data

Database Table is a set of data elements (values) that is organized using a model of vertical columns (which are identified by their name) and horizontal rows, the cell being the unit where a row and column intersect.[1] A table has a specified number of columns, but can have any number of rows[citation needed]. Each row is identified by the values appearing in a particular column subset which has been identified as a unique key index.

Data Management refers to all aspects of creating, storing and delivering, maintaining, archiving and preserving data.

Data Management Plan is a document that describes what you will do with your data both during your researcher and after you complete your project.

                Also see Network Data Management Plan

Data Matrix is a mathematical matrix of data of dimension n-by-p, where n is the number of samples drawn, and p is the number of variables in each sample.

DataONE (i.e. Data Observation Network for Earth) is a collaboration among many partner organizations, and is funded by the US National Science Foundation (NSF) under a Cooperative Agreement. 

Data Ownership (i.e. who owns the data?) belongs to the researcher, but ultimate ownership belongs to the institution. Researchers can make copies for their own and personal use. In industry, ownership is defined by the contract; data usually belong to the company and in government as well. In academia, the ownership is defined as the university, although the university rarely asserts their ownership over researchers.

Data Package is the folder containing the data record, metadata record and relevant documentation.

Data Record (i.e. Dataset) is a collection of data. For example, a dataset is the contents of a single database table, or a single statistical data matrix, where each column of the table represents a particular variable, and each row corresponds to a given member of the dataset in question

Data Reports combine Researcher Information, Research Descriptions and Discovery Metadata to provide collaborators and stakeholders (i.e. public), a summary of the research and research data for the network, themes, projects and subprojects (e.g. theses, thesis chapters or publications)

Data Repository see Public Data Repository and Network Data Repository.

Data Rescue includes the identification and recovery of data considered to be at risk (i.e. files stored on personal computer, lab computers, external hard drives etc. This is closely related to Archives, but because of the aging of science staff and staff reductions, it is singled out for special attention.

Dataset see Data Record

Data Sharing is the process of and agreements for making data freely and universally available on the Internet.

DFO (i.e. Department of Fisheries and Oceans)

Digital Object Identifier see DOI

Discovery Database is searchable database created from discovery metadata, instead of data records or metadata records.

Discovery Metadata is structured information that describes what, where, when of the research data, by who and how it was collected, and who funded it.

Documentation (i.e. data record documentation) consist of mental notes, hand-written notes, field/lab notebook, comments field in excel, proposal, thesis, thesis chapters, publications, note or code books, methods, etc. Basically any documents that will help make your dataset re-useable.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a character string, a "digital identifier”, used to uniquely identify an object such as an electronic document. Metadata about the object is stored in association with the DOI name and this metadata may include a location, such as a URL, where the object can be found. The DOI for a document is permanent, whereas its location and other metadata may change.

DRYAD (i.e. DRYAD Digital Repository) is a curated resource that makes the data underlying scientific publications discoverable, freely reusable, and citable. Dryad provides a general-purpose home for a wide diversity of data types.



Figshare is a repository where users can make all of their research outputs available in a citable, shareable and discoverable manner.  Figshare allows users to upload any file format to be made visualisable in the browser, so that figures, datasets, media, papers, posters, presentations and files can be disseminated in a way that the current scholarly publishing model does not allow.


GBIF (i.e. Global Biodiversity Information Facility) was established to encourage free and open access to biodiversity data, via the Internet. Through a global network of countries and organizations, GBIF promotes and facilitates the mobilization, access, discovery and use of information about the occurrence of organisms over time and across the planet.

GenBank is the National Institute of Health (NIH) genetic sequence database, an annotated collection of all publicly available DNA sequences. GenBank is part of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration, which comprises the DNA DataBank of Japan (DDBJ), the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), and GenBank at NCBI. These three organizations exchange data on a daily basis.

Geographic Coverage (i.e. geographic and spatial metadata) consists of information about where the research project took place, where the samples were collected, and any spatial or geographic reference that may provide a context for the data.

Government means Canadian Government Co-sponsoring organizations, which means Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO)

Grant Application means the application for funding dated May 7, 2007 entitled “Scientific Criteria for Conservation and Sustainable Usage of Marine Biodiversity; Canadian Healthy Oceans Network” attached hereto as Appendix A, which Memorial submitted under the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) Strategic Networks program, and which has been approved for funding by NSERC. (Research Agreement)



Intellectual Property means any inventions, and any other product of intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary, or artistic fields including all intellectual creation legally protected through patents, copyright, industrial design, integrated circuit topography, and plant breeders' rights, or subject to protection under the law as trade secrets and confidential information. (Research Agreement, section 2)

Interactive Map is a filterable map. The interactive map displays a database table using Google Fusion Tables application. Fusion Table application, is like a ACCESS, by allowing users to filter and search the dataset as a tool to explore the data.

ISDM (i.e. Integrated Science Data Management) manages and archives ocean data collected by Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO), or acquired through national and international programmes conducted in ocean areas adjacent to Canada, and to disseminates data, data products, and services to the marine community in accordance with the policies of the DFO.

Investigator see Network investigator



KNB (i.e. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity) is an international repository intended to facilitate ecological and environmental research.



Metaanaylses is methods focused on contrasting and combining results from different studies.

Metadata is the data about the data. Generally, metadata is “structured information” that describes, explains, located, or otherwise makes it easier to retrieve, use or manage a data record. Metadata standards are required to establish common understanding of meaning or semantics of the data to ensure correct and proper use and interpretation of the data by its owners and users.

Metadata Record (i.e. the data record metadata) is detailed information about the specific subproject (or project, if subprojects don’t exist) dataset(s). The record metadata must be detailed enough to allow another researcher to understand a moderately complicated dataset after reviewing the record metadata for 20 minutes. In the case of metadata, providing more information is better

Methods (i.e. methods metadata) contains the information regarding used for data collection, quality controlling, analysis and/ or processing the dataset


NBII (i.e. National Biological Information Infrastructure) is a broad, collaborative program to provide increased access to data and information on the nation's biological resources.

Network (or CHONe) means the Canadian Healthy Oceans Network, as described in the Grant Application.

Network Code is the network’s abbreviation (e.g. CHONe).

Network Director means the person appointed by the Board to carry out the responsibilities set out in section 5.5 of the Research Agreement.

Network Data Management Coordinator

Network Data Management Team means the team, set up by the Board of Directors to manage the Data. They are responsible for undertaking all data management and data rescue process to ensure Network’s legacy.

Network Data Manager

Network Manager means the person appointed by the Board to carry out the administration of the Network and to carry out the instructions of the Board of Directors through the Network secretariat.

Network Data Policy is outlines the overall objectives for management of Network data, as well as underlying principles and guidelines (i.e. Network data, ownership, authorship, sharing, handling practices, access and usage) to help meet the Network’s data management obligations.

Network Data Repository is a secure (password protected) dataset storage location for the storage of data files (e.g. text, csv, spreadsheet, etc). These data files stored within the data repository are safe and secured against loss. It is recommended that raw data be uploaded immediately after collection, and then processed data and analysed data be uploaded after processing and analysis is complete, respectively

Network Investigator means an individual researcher identified by the Canadian University Partners and the Canadian Government Co-Sponsoring Organization to conduct research activities under this NSERC Strategic Network, Canadian Healthy Oceans Network (Research Agreement, Section 2).

Network Research Agreement is the Canadian Healthy Oceans Network (CHONe) Agreement entered into on January 22, 2009.

Network Research Data (or data) is data collected, observed, or derived for the purpose of analysis to produce and validate original research results. Research data refers to any and all data, in any format or medium, that relates to or support Canadian Healthy Oceans Network research (Research Agreement, Section 2).

Network Research Theme (or theme) refers to the 3 Canadian Healthy Oceans Network Research Themes: Marine Biodiversity, Ecosystem Function and Population Connectivity, as set out in the grant application.

Network Theme leaders refer to individual Network investigators that are responsible for the management of the 3 Canadian Healthy Oceans Network Research Themes: Marine Biodiversity (Kim Juniper (UVic) and Peter Lawton (DFO-SABS)), Ecosystem Function (Philip Archambault (QUAR) and Christopher McKindsey (DFO-IML) and Population Connectivity (Anna Metaxas (DAL) and Pierre Pepin (DFO-NAFC), as set out in the grant application.

Network Project Code is the code assigned to each of the 36 projects (e.g. MB-01, MB-02, MB-03, MB-04, MB-07, MB-08, MB-10, MB-13, MB-14, MB-16, MB-17, MB-18, MB-19, EF-01, EF-02, EF-03, EF-04, EF-06, EF-07, EF-08, EF-11, EF-12, EF-13  PC-01, PC-02, PC-03, PC-04, PC-05, PC-06, PC-07, PC-08, PC-09, PC-10, PC-11).

Network Project denotes the 36 network research project grants awarded to Network investigators (e.g. MB-01, EF-01, PC-01, etc).  The network research project means a research project conducted by one or more of the Network investigators in accordance with the Grant Application and to which the Board of Directors has allocated funding (Research Agreement, Section 2)

Network Project leads refer to the individual Network investigators responsible for 36 Network research project grants awarded to Network investigators, as set out in the grant application.

Network Project Title is the title of the project.

Network Subproject refers to individual student projects and other initiatives within those 36 network research project grants.

Network Subproject leads refer to the individual investigator, postdoc or student responsible an individual subproject (i.e. student projects and other initiatives) within the 36 network research project grants.

Network Subproject Abstract is the abstract used to describe the researcher’s subproject or project, if no subproject exists (e.g. thesis, thesis chapter or publication).

Network Subproject Code is the code assigned to individual student projects (e.g. thesis) and other initiatives within the 36 projects.  The subproject code is the student’s or researcher’s researcher ID.   

Network Subproject Identifier identifies each data record (includes the dataset, record metadata and documentation) associate with each subproject (e.g. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, etc.).  Basically, it identifies the different datasets used for each thesis data chapter or publication.  The subproject identifier may not be necessary for all subprojects.

Network Subproject Title

Network Title is the network’s full name (e.g. NSERC Canadian Healthy Oceans Network).

Network Theme see Network research theme

Network Theme Code is the network’s research theme abbreviation (e.g. MB, EF, PC)

Network Theme Title is the network’s research theme full name (e.g. marine biodiversity, ecosystem function, population connectivity)


OBIS (i.e. Ocean Biogeographic information System) seeks to absorb, integrate, and assess isolated datasets into a larger, more comprehensive pictures of life in our oceans. It provides a portal or gateway to many datasets containing information on where and when marine species have been recorded.

Open Access means access to material via the Internet in such a way that the material is free and accessible for all users to read and use.


Postdoc (i.e. Postdoctoral Fellow) is an individual, who has completed a doctoral degree, who was hired to conduct a research project or subproject.

Primary Data see Raw Data

Processed data is the quality controlled, processed, analyses, descriptions, and conclusions prepared as data records, outputs, reports or papers

Project see Network Project

Project-lead see Network project-lead

Public Data Repository (e.g. DataONE, DRYAD, GBIF, KNB, ISDM) for long-term data preservation, accessibility, discovery and reuse, and available fully and freely to the public.



Raw data (i.e. primary data) is information recorded as notes, images, video footage, paper surveys, computer files, etc., pertaining to a specific research project. Raw data is collected by the researcher(s) conducting the research project.

Student is an undergraduate or graduate students, who was hired to conduct a research project or subproject.

Research Data see Network research data

Research Funding is all sources of support for the work. Support includes research and educational grants, salary or other supports, contracts, gifts, and departmental, institutional and support

Reused data (i.e. secondary data) is data created by researchers for one purpose and used by another set of researchers at a later date for a completely different research agenda


SAC (i.e. Scientific Advisory Committee) means the scientific advisory committee for the Canadian Healthy Oceans Network, as set out in section 5.3 of the Research Agreement.

Secondary data see Reused Data

Spatial Metadata see Geographic Coverage

Student is a undergraduate or graduate students, who was hired to conduct a research project or subproject.

Subproject see Network Subproject

Subproject-lead see Network subproject-lead


Taxonomic Coverage (i.e. taxonomic metadata) consists of species information, such as taxonomic authority (e.g. World Registry of Marine Species), taxonomic class.

Theme see Network Theme

Theme-leader see Network Theme-leader


Unique Identifier is the unique code for each subproject (or project if no subproject exists), which is assigned by the data management team.

University means Canadian University Partners, which includes Memorial, Dalhousie, Mount    Allison, Cape Breton, Laval, UQAR, UQAC, McGill, Guelph, Alberta, UBC, UPEI, Simon Fraser, Waterloo, and Victoria (Research Agreement, Section 2).

URL (Uniform Resource Locator): the address of a resource on the Internet






Document Actions